Crime Fiction Author

Creating Setting for the Crime Story “That Damn Cat”

The five key elements of any story are characters, setting, plot, conflict and resolution. In this post I will talk about how I went about choosing and creating the setting for my latest crime short story, “That Damn Cat“.

Why I Chose Toronto for the Setting

There are a number of factors why I chose Toronto for my story. I wanted to write a police procedural. Whereas other mysteries can easily take place anywhere—an island, a rural community, a country estate or an urban environment—city sights and their bustle add buzz to the methodical approach of police procedurals.  Having lived in Toronto for most of my life, it seemed a no-brainer to set my story here. Not only that, but Toronto transit (TTC) makes doing field research on possible crime settings easy.

Envisioning  the Crime Scene

Since 2005, the “Year of the Gun” with 59 killings,  Toronto’s murder rate from shootings has averaged around 32 per year.  In 2016 it spiked back up to 41, mostly from gang violence. Keep in mind, though, Toronto’s homicide rate is about 1.4 per 100,000. Compare that to Chicago’s  nearly 600  gun deaths in 2016 and homicide rate from 2011 to 2015 at 16.4 per 100,000, in which nearly all were gun deaths.

Where Do Toronto’s Murders Take Place?

The murders often occur around night clubs, on or close to  commercial thoroughfares, in or near parks in northwest and northeast Toronto, as well as in some neighborhoods associated with higher crime rates. On rare occasions murder disturbs less notable residential areas, as in the case of  Peggy Ann Smith, a 61-year-old grandmother caught in the crossfire of two gunmen outside an apartment complex in lower Riverdale.

I wanted something different. No gangs, no shooting, but a driving mix of urgency and dread.

While my story had a cat, it definitely was not a cozy.

What I envisioned,  instead, was a predatory murderer lurking in a quiet East Toronto neighborhood. The area would have a combination of housing and commercial buildings clustered close to major transit routes.

Coxwell strip mall dollar store setting

Back of a Coxwell street strip mall with dollar store in setting for “That Damn Cat”

I pictured traditional Toronto bungalows—some detached—amidst the semi-detached  houses lining the streets.

Detached and semi-detached Toronto bungalows in crime story setting

Detached and semi-detached bungalows near a Toronto ravine typical of houses in the setting of “That Damn Cat”

Seeking the ideal Setting

Time to do  fieldwork. I roughly knew the area bordered  by the railroad tracks north of Gerrard Street,  Coxwell Avenue to the west, Woodbine to the east and Eastwood Road (just below Gerrard Street) to the south.

Borders for Setting of "That Damn Cat"

Borders for Setting of “That Damn Cat”
(screenshot taken from Google Maps)

I have travelled many times down Coxwell Street en route to my cat’s veterinarian.  I’d also  followed behind the  Carlton 506 streetcar, whose route jogged onto Gerrard Street to continue its journey eastward from downtown to Toronto’s Beach neighborhood.

Carlton 506 streetcar in crime story setting

Toronto streetcar en route to Coxwell Street in “That Damn Cat” crime story setting

But I needed to visit the residential neighborhood to make sure it had all the elements to make the story work. So on a grey February day, I bundled myself up and took the subway to Coxwell station. There I got a southbound bus to Gerrard. I walked the neighborhood taking pictures. Yes. Despite the bleakness of the wintry landscape,  I could  imagine my detectives relentlessly searching here in September 2015.


Coxwell Street is key part of crime story setting

Coxwell Street plays a crucial role in the setting of “That Damn Cat”

 Where to find the body?

Since this was a police story, I wanted  homicide and forensics teams on the first page of the story. That meant establishing at the outset where the police discover the body. I also wanted the body hidden away from the actual scene of the crime.

Toronto is a city of  rivers, rivulets and wooded ravines. The western and northwestern ravines have, in particular, seen their share of murdered bodies. East Toronto ravines are not as popular. I figured a body disposed in an eastern ravine would have more shock value.

Williamson Park ravine has steep banks covered in a thick jumble of weedy trees and dense undergrowth. Small’s Creek meanders through it ending in an ugly sewer. This is a  wilderness with a distinctly urban edge, a perfect hiding place for a dead body.

Where to place the crime scene?


Toronto ravine houses

Bungalows in the vicinity of a Toronto ravine in the setting of “That Damn Cat”

I now had my setting for where police find the body. I also had the residential door-to-door search area where the killer lurked. However, I did not want to label a specific street as harboring a murderer, even a fictitious one. So I combined aspects of several streets and created a new one.  All the other elements of the neighborhood and environs do exist within the setting—the bus, the streetcars, the ravine, the community center, the animal rescue place and commercial properties and the types of housing described in the story.

Other Elements of Setting

As I mentioned earlier, the story takes place in September 2015. I chose 2015, since I wanted to have the characters liberally using  smartphones, which are an integral part of the story.

In terms of the month, September signals summer’s end, the start of school, and my rookie detective’s first big case.

I remembered the temperatures that year were unusually warm, but I wanted to make sure. So I googled the weather and even checked sunset times for when it got dark.

Questions or Comments?

Have a question? Or If you’d like to know more about how I created the story and its characters, please leave a comment below.

The 13 Claws Mesdames of Mayhem anthology in which “That Damn Cat” will appear will be published September 2017.




  1. MaryAnn Rizzo

    Remember back in the “old days” our teachers said to write what you know. You followed this. I have placed my three Marika books in areas I’m familiar with (Denver, Seattle, and Bisbee). I have “adjusted” the areas to the plot but I also put in the disclaimer that the places are my fictional adaptations. I look forward to reading your short story. Canada always intrigues me since that was where my mother was born and I still have cousins there.

    Congrats Marilyn

    • marilynkay

      Thank you, MaryAnn.

      This story is definitely a Toronto story. I do live in the east end of Toronto, too. I have a novel in the works that is based on the two homicide detectives in my short story, so you will be seeing more of Toronto over the coming years.

      Btw, I’m loving reading your Marika series.

      • MaryAnn Rizzo

        Thank you. How are you doing with the novel? I know it can take forever to get the characters up and moving. Red Cap was in limbo for ages as was Safe Harbor. Now, the characters in both of the books seem to be anxious to have their stories told.

    • marilynkay

      I have followed this advice in this story. However, I have another story “Journey into the Dark” in the Passport to Murder anthology that is set mostly in Gloucestershire, England. I have visited Gloucester and Gloucestershire several times, but never lived there.I do have a new blog post about color in this story and how Gloucestershire relates to my use of color in “Journey into the Dark”.

  2. Richard Dean

    Are you Marilyn Kay Kenney, daughter of Mike and Sandy Kenney, born in July of 1951?

    • marilynkay

      Hi Richard, I’m so sorry I did not see your question sooner. I’ve been neglectful of the website while I’m writing my novel. Are you the son of Eileen and Harold Dean? Or a relation? Marilyn

    • marilynkay


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